The basic concept of “stadium seating” dates back thousands of years ago. In a nutshell, it is a type of seating arrangement that is found in performing-arts or entertainment and sports venues. Seats are built and constructed, typically in rows with each row higher than the one in front of it, making it ideal for viewing the spectacle (aka – performance, game or event) with less obstruction and some more leg room. While the concept of a stadium seating arrangement remains the same throughout time, the way architects and construction workers have gone about stadium seating conversions has evolved. Here’s a look into how stadium seating has been built from past to present.
Stadium Seating Conversion in the Past
One of the oldest known examples of stadium seating dates back to 80 AD with the Colosseum at Piazza del Colosseo in Rome. The historic oval amphitheater was the largest one ever built in its time. It was designed with a tiered-step arrangement that held an estimated 80,000 spectators as they would watch gladiatorial contests, dramatic performances based on classical mythology and re-enactments of famous battles. Later, it would be used for housing and religious quarters. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world, where nearly 10 million people come to see the iconic construction every year. Throughout its time, the Colosseum has never failed to provide visitors with prime views and convenient ways to enter and exit. At the time the Colosseum was constructed, concrete was used to build the stadiums arches and seating. While concrete was innovative at the time, today a mix of concrete, steel and EPS foam are used to build the foundations of these large spectacles.
The Modern Way
Modern-day stadium seating really gained momentum in the mid-90s in what is often referred to as the “AMC Era”—which kicked off in 1995 with Dallas’ AMC Grand 24 Theatre. The cinema’s construction was one of the most revolutionary of its time, featuring 24 movie screens and stadium seating to match. Prior to the AMC Era, sloped floor style theaters were the lay of the land, but with this introduction into the cinema theater scene, the way people watched movies was forever changed. The viewer experience was amplified thanks to the innovative integration of stadium seating into movie theaters.
While stadium seating really blew up in popular modern multiplexes like AMC Theatres, early debuts of this type of seating began in the first IMAX Theatres, cinemas with very tall screens for a magnified viewing experience, in the 1970s. Furthermore, some theaters like the 1922 Princess Theatre in Honolulu also featured this style of seating that had sharply raked rows of seats from the front of the screen towards the ceiling.
Stadium Seating Conversions Today
While stadium seating has been around for a long time, the way in which it has been built has become more and more innovative and efficient. From the days of the Colosseum when heavy concrete was the main element to creating the special, unique riser-like rows of seats, today, a combination of fill material such as EPS foam, concrete and steel build, is used to implement a solid stadium seating foundation.
Stadium seating using a PREFOAM Stadium Seating Riser System is growing higher in demand, as architects and project managers of these entertainment centers look for more efficient, cost-effective ways of building seats in their establishments. PREFOAM EPS Geofoam blocks are shaped to fit the desired dimensions of a seating design, and then laid and stacked to create the seating arrangement. This special type of foam is very lightweight, easing labor, but at the same time, have a high-density and ideal compression rate, which creates a strong, long-lasting seat structure. Metal risers hold the foam blocks in place, and concrete is laid on top. The stadium seating riser system helps to cut time and labor costs in half because of the flexibility and convenience it brings to the construction team installing it. This type of system is a new go-to for building cinema theaters, both traditional along with newer, luxury cinemas with stadium seating luxury recliner configurations, and modern-day multi-entertainment and sports arenas.
To find out more on how the PREFOAM EPS Stadium Seating Riser System can be used for your next project, check out details on how Stadium Seating Enterprises installs this unique, innovative seating foundation.
Stadium Seating Enterprises, Inc. (SSE) is the world’s leading provider of prefabricated stadium seating systems for the Cinema, Worship, Performing Arts and Education/Training market segments. SSE’s client base represents the largest Cinema operators in the world, tiered seating for some of the largest Churches in the US and Educational/Training facilities for many universities, colleges, secondary schools and select Corporate clients from coast to coast. We offer systems specifically designed for new construction and ones that are specific to renovation/retrofit projects. Our standard PREFOAM™ System and our PREFOAM DryFit™ Systems have been fully engineered to meet the requirements of virtually any project requiring tiered stadium seating.
SSE works directly with end users, architects, engineers and contractors to design and manufacture a prefabricated “kit of parts” for stadium seating. SSE operates with regional manufacturing partners in six geographic zones within North America to facilitate responsive and competitively prices products and services. The PREFOAM System consists of EPS Geofoam blocks for structural support and a steel forming system that allows for a fast and easy assembly and a strong forming system for concrete topping material. The PRERFOAM DryFit System also utilized EPS Geofoam blocks for the structural support, but is based on a proprietary design for a plywood or cement board facing materials. The DryFit system is ideal for luxury cinema retrofits due to its light weight and ease of assembly without having to introduce a wet trade like concrete into the auditorium. Working directly with the design and construction teams, we design, fabricate and deliver the selected system to the jobsite for installation by others in a timely and efficient manner.
SSE has a proven track record of success with more than 300 individual clients in 46 states, Canada, Latin America and the UK. Our team has put more than 81.75 Million Cubic Feet of EPS Geofoam in place since 2002 in more than 1850 completed auditoriums. The quality of our services and products is exemplified by the number of repeat clients we have over the years. We believe the key elements that set us apart from any of the competition are: Our high quality, innovative and reliable PREFOAM products, our willingness and ability to collaborate with the design and construction team members to insure customers are getting the best value for the money, and the outstanding professional relationships we have developed over the past thirteen years with our manufacturing and supplier partners. But more than anything, it is the absolute commitment to the best customer service in the industry that puts SSE “heads and shoulders” above the competition.
SSE is a design and fabrication partner on construction projects.
PROJECT EVALUATION: We will evaluate the design options for adding stadium seating to your project and recommend the most cost efficient and schedule friendly method of achieving your goals;
DESIGN ASSISTANCE: As there are several options for constructing stadium seating with the PREFOAM Systems, we will recommend which system brings the greatest value to your individual project;
COST MANAGEMENT: Our team will work directly with your architectural and construction teams during the cost estimating phase of the project to provide a PREFOAM System Solution that meets your functional and budgetary goals;
ENGINEERING AND SHOP DRAWINGS: The SSE team will work through a two stage process for the preparation of detailed shop drawings. We draw every block of EPS Geofoam and every steel component to provide a clear guide for the stadium seating installation contractor;
SYSTEM FABRICATION: Working with your onsite team and our fabrication/manufacturing partners, we coordinate and manage the fabrication and delivery of each system component to the jobsite;
TEAM BUILDING: We have contacts and relationships with architects, consultants, contractors and installers nationwide and we are anxious to help you structure the most capable and responsive team to meet your needs and requirements.